Mindfulness in the Clinic Waiting Room May Decrease Pain: Results from Three Pilot Randomized Controlled Trials (2024)

The purpose of this study was to determine if a brief mindfulness session (i.e., 5 minutes) can improve pain intensity, pain unpleasantness, depression symptoms, and anxiety symptoms before or after the office visit. Mindfulness reduced patient intensity and anxiety symptoms to a greater extent than pain education.


External collaborators: Adam W. Hanley, Rebecca Wilson Zingg, Benjamin Smith, Melissa Zappa, Shelley White, Allison Davis, Phillip R. Worts, Carli Culjat, and Geraldine Martorella.

Partner institutions: Florida State University, University of Utah, AdventHealth Hendersonville, Huntsman Cancer Hospital